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Ray Keable

Did Paul author Hebrews?

REASONS WHY PAUL DID NOT AUTHOR HEBREWS

1. Scofield said "The epistle of Paul to the Hebrews."
This was not in the original translation.
All headings and footnotes are not part of the doctrine.

2. 2Thes.3:17 says: "The salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I write."
Do you see Paul's token in the book of Hebrews?
This verse alone should be enough to convince everyone that Paul did not author Hebrews.

3. Look at the way Paul begins all 13 of his epistles and compare it with how Hebrews begins.
There is a major difference.
All 13 of his epistles begin with his name.
Paul's name is never mentioned in Hebrews.

4. The reason why it says God in Heb 1:1 instead of Paul is because Jesus Christ speaks to Israel in her future, prophesied tribulation as the verses indicate (Heb.12:25; Psa.2:5; 50:1-7).
Today, according to what Paul says, God is silent from heaven.
It is not because He is incapable of doing this (speaking to us from heaven).
It is because He chooses not to manifest Himself that way today.
We walk by faith in his word only (1Thes.2:13).
We have a completed Bible.
God's intervention today is partially exemplified through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit (which we cannot see or hear), and fully realized through His word working effectually in those that believe (1Thes.2:13).
That's why Paul says in 1Tim.4:10: "For therefore we both labor and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe."
Actually, it really isn't us laboring...it is God Himself working in us and our willingness to be His vessels (Phil.1:6; 2:13; 1Cor.15:10; 2Cor.4:7).

5. Heb.1:2: are you and I in these "last days?"
No! These "last days" started in Acts 2...at Pentecost (Acts 2:17).
This was exclusively Jewish. Acts was written by Luke, not Paul.
It makes more sense that Luke wrote Hebrews than Paul (see # 30).

6. In Heb.2:3, the author regards himself as one whose knowledge of Christ was second-hand.
By contrast, Paul vehemently declares that his apostleship and message were directly from the Lord Jesus Christ (Gal.1:11,12; 1Cor.14:37).

7. Heb.2:3: the "first" salvation preached was the "gospel of the kingdom" (Mat.3:2; 4:17; etc.), not the gospel of the grace of God (Acts 20:24)...which is what Paul preached to the whole known world (Col.1:6,23).
The gospel of the kingdom was preached only to Israel during the Lord's earthly ministry.

8. Heb.2:4 is obviously referring to the early Acts period.
"Them" is plural.
That would be the 12 in early Acts...the circumcision apostles.
You can read about Peter, Stephen, and Philip in Acts 2, 6, 8 performing miracles.
Then you can read Acts 19:11: "And God wrought special miracles by the hands of Paul."
This is singular proving that Heb.2:4 cannot be referring to Paul.

9. Heb.2:4 is an OBVIOUS reference to Pentecost (Acts 2).
This was before Paul was saved.
Also, signs are for the nation of Israel (1Cor.1:22; Pa.74:9; Isa.8:18).
Why would Paul write about signs in one place of the Bible and then say in another place that today we walk by faith and not by sight (2Cor.5:7)?
In the beginning of his ministry (Acts 13-28), Paul could do miracles.
Why? To provoke Israel to emulation (Rom.11:14, 1Cor.14:22).
Later in his ministry he lost the ability to do these things.
The reason for this is what God revealed to him...2Cor.12:9: "...my grace is sufficient for thee..." 2Cor.5:7 says, "For we walk by faith, not by sight."
We have a completed Bible.
We have the knowledge of what God's grace has given us...eternal life in a resurrected body...a home eternal in the heavens ...a promise from God.
If you need something "visual" to prove God's love for you (other than his word), then my friend, you will never have any real internal peace (Rom.5:1).

10. Look at the phrase "son of man" in Heb.2:6.
This is a prophetic title for the Lord Jesus Christ (which means it is the subject of prophecy), and it is never used once in Paul's epistles.
It is used in the O.T. and the gospels...then it jumps right over to Hebrews.
Paul preaches something called the mystery...not prophecy (Rom.16:25; Eph.3:9).

11.Paul's epistles transition from the old covenant to the dispensation of grace and the church, the Body of Christ.
Hebrews transitions from the old covenant to the new covenant...for Israel (Heb. 8:8-13; 10:16).
This is a restatement of Jer.31:31-34...which was written to and about the nation of Israel.
Hebrews never says that we are moving out of Israel's program into the Body program.
It talks about the "things to come" mentioned in Col.2:17.
This also fits Rom.11:25-28.

12. Compare Heb.9:28 and Mat.20:28 with 1Tim.2:4,6 and Titus 2:11.
One says salvation for many and the other says salvation for all.
Is there a difference? In time past salvation was supposed to go to Israel first (Acts 3:24-26. "Unto you first...").
It's only when you come to Paul's letters where you read about salvation for all... not to Israel first... that middle wall of partition has come down (Eph.2:11-16).
This happened because of the spiritual fall of that nation, explained in Paul's epislte's (Rom. 11:11,12,25).
This is part of the "...preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began." (Rom.16:25)
Now, in today's dispensation, God is not a respector of persons (Rom.2:11).

13. Heb.2:17 talks about God making reconciliation for the sins of "the people."
This is a reference to the people of Israel (Mat.1:21; Amos 3:1,2; etc. ).
There is a particular body of sins that pertain only to the nation of Israel.
This goes back to Ex.19:5,6...a book written to Israel.
They did not obey the Lord's voice and they broke the covenant that God made with that nation (Psa.106:24,25; Isa.1:4; Jer.3:25; 22:1,8,9; 31:32).
Paul says in Rom.3:23: "For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God."
His gospel makes no distinction between any nation or people or sin and we today are not under any covenant...we are under grace (Tit.2:11).

14. Heb.13:13. This is a key verse in Hebrews (don’t fall back into temptation...back into Judaism...the old covenant).
They had the only "true" religion (Judaism) for over 1500 years (reference Heb.11:26; 12:3; 1Pet.4:4,14-16).
This verse ties back into Heb.6:1,2.
The foundation talked about in this verse is the foundation found in the gospels...where "perfection" could not be found.
Now (in the future time period that Hebrews is talking about), perfection can be found (associated with the priesthood of Jesus Christ... not revealed in the gospels...Heb.7:11).
Hebrews is the final call for believing Jews to come out of the camp of Judaism and to bear the reproach of Christ.
This verse (Heb.13:13) ties into Rev.2:7,10,11,17,26; etc., where it talks about being "overcomers" and being "faithful unto death."
Paul never says "we" have to be "overcomers" (Rev.2:7) and he would never say we have to be "faithful" unto death (Rev.2:10).
Paul never trains anybody to go through this tribulation time period.
In Heb.13:13: "...without the camp..." is an obvious reference to Israel (Ex.19:16; 32:26,27; 33:7).
The word "camp" is never found in Paul's epistles.

15. Hebrews teaches: don’t be afraid of something new: (Heb. 10:20-22, 1-4,14,18), and all the symbols are realities.
Don’t run back to the shadows (Heb. 8:1-5, 12,13).
John 4:19-24: all the old shadows (Judaism) are put away with the blood.
If you read these verses carefully...they are very obviously about Jews and things pertaining exclusively to them.
Where is the verse to prove that Paul was given instructions to write about more than one program of God?
Paul does make mention of this time period though.
Read Col.2:16,17...where he talks about the "shadow" of things to come.
This is the time period that the Hebrew epistles are talking about.
Those shadows...meat, drink, holyday, new moon, and sabbath days are practices of the old Mozaic covenant ...under the Levitical priesthood.
Hebrews warns against going back to that because there is no "perfection" to be found under that system.

16. Theme of Hebrews: "Jesus Christ, the new and living way…the better way."
(Heb.1-7: Jesus Christ, the better priesthood.
Heb.8-10: Jesus Christ, the better sacrifice.
Heb.11-13: Jesus Christ, the better substance of faith).
Paul never talks about the priesthood of Jesus Christ in his writings.
The last time "priesthood" is used in the O.T. is Neh.13:29.
The next time it is used is in Heb.7:5.
The "priesthood" has to do with Israel's Messiah.
When Heb.1:7 says: "...thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchisedec," that is a quote from Psa. 110:4...written by David...showing God the father talking to God the Son (Psa. 110:1; Acts2:34; Heb.1:3; 10:12,13; 12:2).

17. Hebrews warns of severe consequences: Heb. 6:4-6; 10:26,27,29,34-39.
Perdition, in Heb.10:39, is another word for spiritual damnation.
In light of this, the Hebrews are told to do certain things (2 words):
1. Endure
2. Patience (Heb. 3:6,14; 6:11,12,15; 10:36).
This enduring and patience have to do with their belief and witness for the Lord Jesus Christ.
Contrariwise, Paul says that once we are saved, we are "sealed unto the day of redemption" (Eph.4:30).
Even if we deny Christ (after salvation), the Lord cannot deny Himself because He abides faithful (2Tim.2:13).
By way of contrast, Paul says that if our works are no good, we will suffer loss, but we will still be saved (1Cor.3:14,15).
The consequences "we" suffer in today's dispensation are found in Gal.6:7,8.
They are fleshly, not spiritual. This (Paul's gospel) is not "cheap grace."
It is a "free gift," unconditional (God will not take it back).
There was nothing "cheap" about what Christ accomplished on the cross.

18. There is a three fold warning in Hebrews:
1. Not to fall away.
2. Not to sin willfully.
3. Not to draw back.
Does Paul give us this 3-fold warning? No.
Paul tells us to "stand fast" in the liberty we've been given (Gal.5:1)... he says that "sin shall not have dominion over you" (Rom.6:14)... and he tells us that we "are sealed unto the day of redemption (Eph.4:30)," but he never tells us that we can "draw back unto perdition."
This would negate everything that Paul taught with regard to our security "in Christ.".
We do not need to manifest our faith by our works today... 1Cor.3:12-15 and 2Tim.2:13 are very clear about that.
Rom.11:6 says: "And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace.
But if it be of works, then is it no more of grace: otherwise work is no more work."
In the book of James (2:14,24), it is different...as in all the Hebrew epistles.
Certainly God desires good works from us today (Eph.2:10), but they are not a prerequisite for salvation.
In the Hebrew epistles, good works can be counterfeited.
This is why they have to endure (even unto death) and have patience.
James 1:27 shows the works that have to be done in order to attain salvation: "Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep himself unspotted form the world."
In other words, in that future time period, any Jew that does not help their afflicted brethren and that gets the mark of the beast will not be saved.
Their name will be taken out of the book of life.
The people who do not get the mark will suffer terribly.
This is how God will separate the true Israel from the false Israel... the wheat from the tares (false grain).
We have all heard the phrase: "talk is cheap."
The faithful Jew in that time period will not become part of the anti-christ's political and economic system by getting the mark of the beast.
The Gentiles in that time period will also be judged based on their treatment of the Jews that need help... the ones that have not received the mark of the beast (Mat.25:31-46).
This is the only place in the Bible where Gentiles are referred to as sheep.
The "sheep" nations will be the ones helping the believing remnant of the Jews in that future, prophesied time of wrath.

19. What is the good news in Hebrews?
Heb. 9:10,15,28…salvation is future...it is coming (Acts 3:19-21).
Hebrews encourages the people in that time to patiently endure to the end!
With Paul and the gospel of grace, salvation is instantaneous the moment a person believes (Rom.4:5; Eph.2:8,9; Titus 3:5).
Why would God have Paul preach two different messages?
If you compare Jn.14:17 with Jn.20:22, you will see that it took the circumcision apostles over three years to receive the "indwelling" of the Holy Spirit. They received it after the death, buriel, and resurrection of Jesus Christ... after they were tried and tested during the Lord's earthly ministry.
One of them did not make it because he was not true in heart.
Today, the moment a person believes, he is automatically and instantaneously indwelled by God the Holy Spirit.
This is a major,doctrinal difference.

20. Heb. 10:26: For if we sin willfully…"
The writer of Hebrews is talking as if he is facing the mark of the beast.
This is the "sin unto death" (1John 5:16; James1:27)... written to the 12 scattered tribes of Israel (James1:1).
This is the "willful" sin of Heb.10:26. This COULD NOT BE PAUL.
The author of Hebrews preaches and teaches the kingdom gospel and is facing the tribulation.
Paul says that we are saved from that prophesied time of wrath (1Thes.1:10; 5:9).
The only "sin unto death" today is to die unsaved.
That means not having trusted in the completed crosswork of the Lord Jesus Christ for the payment of your sins.

21. In the gospel of the kingdom (which Hebrews teaches), salvation is future (Mat. 19:16,23; Mark 9: 43,45,47; 10:30).
Salvation for the nation of Israel (corporately), is NOT a present possession (Rom.11:26,27).
It will come at the second coming of Jesus Christ.
Hebrews has the same concept of future salvation (Heb.4:6-8).
If Israel had entered into their rest under Joshua (they entered the land but not into the rest), then later on David would not be talking about the day still coming.
Today, in Paul's epistles, everybody (Jew or Gentile), is saved individually and becomes part of a new corporate entity...the church, the body of Christ.
This is a brand new creation of God (2Cor.5:17), with Paul being the first menber.

22. There are 2 rests in Hebrews:
1. In the cross (Heb.4:1)... give up your works...come to God.
2. The millenium (called the rest in the O.T.).
That is why Jesus Christ and Joshua have the same name.
Joshua brought Israel into the promised land. They chose not to hearken to the Lord.
Eventually, as promised and prophesied, they were driven out of their land (James 1:1).
Once again, salvation is future in Hebrews: Heb. 9:28; 10:36,39; 11:13,39,40 and the millenial kingdom rest for Israel is on the earth... in the land Joshua brought them to.
We will be in the heavenly kingdom, Paul says (2Tim.4:18), and our "rest" is "in Christ"...RIGHT NOW...because not only are we "complete in Him" (Col.2:10), but we have been "made the righteousness of God in Christ" (2Cor.5:21).
The Lord says to Paul: "...My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness.
Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of God may rest upon me." (2Cor. 12:9)

23. Salvation in the book of Hebrews is different from us.
The Jews in that time period think in accordance with covenant promises.
Ther'ye concept of salvation is enduring and maintaining... in order to receive God's "covenanted promises."
Our concept is simply that we are LOST.
That is why Paul tells us that the covenants were given to Israel only (Rom.9:4; Eph.2:12).
In doing this, he makes a distinction between his writings and the person who penned Hebrews.
This is one of the biggest problems you will have in witnessing to the Jews.
They do not view themselves as "lost." Sinner's yes...but not lost.

24. In Rom.2:17-29, Paul writes to Gentiles (Rom.1:7), but in the process he directs a question to the Jews.
This is where he speaks to Israel... in his epistles...especially in Romans (not in the book of Hebrews).
Why would God have Paul write to the Jews in two different places in the Bible that doctrinally speak of two different programs of God?

25. In Romans 9,10 and 11, Paul explains God's "present" program with regard to Israel's position and status today.
There is no difference between Israel and the nations today because that "middle wall of partition" (Eph.2:13-15) has come down.
In other words, Romans says everything that Peter says Paul wrote to them.
This means that in 2Pet.3:15, where some say that this is a reference to the book of Hebrews, Peter is actually referring to what Paul wrote in Romans ...not Hebrews.

26. Hebrews does not explain the postponement in Israel's program (God's dispensation of grace)...it explains the future, prophesied trouble for that nation.
Paul would never say: "For our God is a consuming fire" (Heb.12:29).
This is a quote from Deut.4:24...a book written to and about the nation of Israel.
Paul speaks of "withheld" wrath and the "longsuffering" of God today.
Why would Paul write "grace and peace" in 13 epistles to Jews and Gentiles in one part of the Bible and then write the opposite (wrath) to the Jews in another part?
Again, where is the scriptural proof that Paul was told to write two messages to two different groups of people for two different time periods?

27. Hebrews is written to the "Jewish" believers (in Christ) in their future persecution and it warns them "do not flee from Christ!"
In Rom.16:7 and 15:20 Paul makes a distinction between God's two programs... there were those that were "in Christ" before Paul (with another message).
This could only be Israel with the "gospel of the kingdom."
In Rom.15:20 Paul states very clearly that he would not "build on another man's foundation."
The Holy Ghost, in the Acts period, forbade Paul from preaching in the same region as Peter (compare Acts. 16:6,7 with 1Pet.1:1).
This is a verse where God tells Paul not to write to the Hebrews about the future fulfillment of the promises God made to that nation.
This was the job of the authors of the Hebrew epistles.

28. Because there is Pauline truth in Hebrews (about the cross), people assume Paul wrote it.
The book of Hebrews was written in light of the truth's revealed to Paul (Gal.2:2: " And I went up by revelation and communicated unto them THAT GOSPEL which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run in vain.").
Hebrews is a book of exhortation designed to motivate (Heb.13:12-21).
Hebrews explains the cross to Israel in her future time of trouble/purging while Romans explains the cross to everybody today.
This time of wrath you read about in the Hebrew epistles was prophesied in the O.T. (Daniel 9:20-27; etc.).
The things that Paul wrote were a "mystery," not revealed until God saved Saul/Paul on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-15).

29. In Hebrews, you get the sense that the book is written to the Jews in their homeland ...not scattered (Heb.13:10-14).
The altar/temple is located in the homeland and Hebrews is warning the Jews not to be tempted into or partakers of the sacrificial temple worship.
So, it makes sense that Hebrews is written to the Jews of Acts 21:20.
Heb.is telling them to leave those things!
Paul uses the word "altar" 3 times and "temple" 11 times.
It is never in reference to "us today" worshipping at a physical temple/altar or getting into trouble if we do so.
By way of contrast, Paul says that we ourselves are the "temple of God," and that the Spirit of God dwells in us (1Cor.3:16,17).
We meet together at a building for edification and fellowship.
Our building is not an altar or temple.
The ultimate sacrifice has already been made (Col.2:14).

30. Heb.13:23 (possibly Luke wrote Hebrews...see # 5).
Writing from Italy, we know Paul is in bonds in Rome and that only Luke is with him (2Tim.4:11), and that Paul wrote in 2Tim.4:21 for Timothy to come before winter.
The writer of Hebrews says: "When Timothy comes, I'll come and visit you."
So, the writer of Hebrews seems to think that when Timothy (who was set at liberty) comes and relieves him, he is free to go visit them (the Hebrews).
This cannot be Paul since he was a prisoner in Rome.
Luke was Paul's traveling companion and he was probably with Paul during his 2 year house imprisonment in Rome.
So, quite possibly it could be Timothy coming to relieve Luke so that Luke could go visit the Jews in Jerusalem.
Once again, Hebrews teaches a different gospel than what Paul teaches in his epistles.

31. In Hebrews, salvation (for the nation), is not secure: Heb.6:4-6,etc.
But keep in mind the warning of this passage is directed to the entire nation as a whole...it is a "national" issue!
It does not serve as a warning to the believing remnant which possess and cannot lose eternal life (1John 3:1,2; 4:13-19; 5:1,11-13,18).
During the tribulation, there will be a great apostacy that will seduce many into believing the damnable heresy that Jesus Christ was not their Messiah nor the propitiation for their sins at his 1st coming (1John 4:1-5).
Read 2Thes.2:11,12. These apostates were never part of the believing remnant (1Jn.2:19).
They never possesed eternal life.
Those "falling away" in Heb.6:6 are not members of the believing Jewish remnant.
They are outside the truth concerning the Lord Jesus Christ in spite of the past historical testimony/record of God's goodness to the nation.
Put in other words: they never had it to begin with.
That is why in the book of 1John you find a series of seven tests to weed out the true from the false...the possessors from the professors.
In Paul's epistles, our salvation is secure apart from any works.
Romans 4:5: "But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness."
You do not find any kind of a test as to whether or not you are saved.
In Paul's epistles for the body of Christ, there is never a mention of a priesthood.
Under grace, only two people know if you are truly saved...God and you!
He can read our hearts and He knows if the truth resides there.
We are adult sons, no longer under tutors and governors and God expects (not requires) us to act accordingly.
If we are saved, we are sealed by God the Holy Spirit "unto the day of redemption" (Eph.4:30).
This is salvation...not probation.

32. In Heb. 7:12, it says that the law and priesthood are not done away... they are changed.
As I mentioned earlier,there was no "perfection" under the Levitical priesthood (Heb.7:11).
Today, in the dispensation of grace, Paul says that we are not under the law (Rom.6:14...as far as a system of righteousness), and that "Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth" (Rom.10:4), and that the law "frustrates the grace of God" (Gal.2:21).
Gal.2:16 says: "...for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified."
That is why Paul says in Gal.3:3: "Are ye so foolish?
Having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?"
In the future time period talked about in the Hebrew epistles, they will have to manifest their faith by their works... which was a requirement under the law (Ex.19:5,6; Mat.6:14,15).

33. Hebrews picks up where Acts left off (for Israel)...in the transition period.
It explains the "interim" between the first and second coming.
I mentioned earlier that the law is changed.
The law is basically broken into 3 sections:
1. Moral law (the 10 commandments).
2. Civil law...statutes and judgments (daily living rules).
3. Ceremonial law...Levitical sacrifices (animals...as a way to atone for sin).
In that "time of Jacob's trouble (Jer.30:7)," the anti-christ reinstitutes the old Mazaic sacrifices...the "ceremonial law"...called the abomination of desolation.
The law was a temporary covenant added because of the transgressions of Israel.
It was not one of the covenants of promise (Eph.2:12; Rom.9:4).
By doing this, the anti-christ is doing exactly the opposite of what God's word is instructing those people to do (Heb.10:7-15).
Heb.7:19 says: " For the law made nothing perfect..."
This passage (Heb.10:7-15), is telling the believing Hebrews in that future prophesied time that Christ was the final sacrifice... no more need for the temple/animal sacrifices.
This is the subject of "prophecy."
Paul never mentions anything about us sacrificing animals...that was for Israel!
Paul preaches the "mystery," which is not part of prophecy because it was kept secret until God revealed it to him.
Why would Paul preach two different messages?

34. In Hebrews, there is no talk of "reconciling the world" (Rom.11:15).
Why not? It is because God's purpose here is to reconcile his nation... the Hebrews...not the world (Rom.11:26; Isa.45:17; Hos.3:5; Amos 9:14,15).
Hebrews as well as Romans 9-11 speak to national Israel...not individuals.
Paul , on the other hand, says that we today (Jew or Gentile...individually), have been given the "ministry of reconciliation" (2Cor.5:18).
This "long suffering" of God has allowed this ministry to continue for the last 2000 years.
This is not the commission you read about in Mat.28:18-20.
That commission went out of commission because Israel committed the "unpardonable" sin (Mat.12:31,32; Acts 7:54-60).
Today, the only unpardonable sin is to die unsaved (1Tim.1:13-16).

35. In Acts 9:15: "...for he (Paul) is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, kings, and the children of Israel."
Paul clearly had an "unlimited" ministry.
The book of Hebrews, by it's content, is written to the Hebrews... and it is the subject of prophecy.
If Paul preached just to the Jews (which is what you see in Hebrews), Paul would be breaking God's admonition in Acts 9:15 to go to everybody... "Gentiles, kings, and the children of Israel."
If Paul says that today in the dispensation of grace there is no Jew or Gentile in God's eyes (Gal.3:28; 1Cor.12:13), how then can we be part of something that God has temporarily done away with?
Remember the Lord says in 2Cor.5:17 that we are new creatures... a brand new creation...the church which is His body.
This means that we absolutely cannot be spiritual Israel.
Rom.11:25 says, "...that blindness in part has happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in."
Why would anybody wanted to be grafted into something that was partially blind?
This is not logical and it makes no scriptural sense!
It is Paul's mystery gospel that saves everyone today (Rom.2:16; Acts 28:20), not the prophetic "gospel of the kingdom" (Rom.11:26-28).

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